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Summary of AMS

What Is Acute Mountain Sickness?

Hikers, mountaineers and adventurers who have travel to high altitudes can sometimes develop acute mountain sickness. Other names for this condition are altitude sickness or high altitude pulmonary edema/oedema and High Altitude Pulmonary oedema.  It typically occurs at about 8,300 feet, or 2,500 meters, above sea level. Dizziness, nausea, headaches, and shortness of breath are a few symptoms of this condition. Most instances of altitude sickness are mild and heal quickly. In rare cases, altitude sickness can become severe and cause complications with the lungs or brain.

High Altitude Cerebral Oedema / Edema (HACO /HACE)

HACO people writing of spelling of HAPE or HACO but both means are same somebody writes Odeama and somebody writes ‘edema’ this sickness is build-up of fluid around the brain. It’s as serious as it sounds. It is HACO that is causing the persistent headache, fever Blood pressure vomiting, ataxia and the lack of consciousness. If not treated as soon as, might be victim will be maximum chance of death, when the people having sickness of this type of sickness let will get descending as soon as possible that are the important things.

High Altitude Pulmonary Oedema / Edema (HAPO / HAPE)

HAPO (HAPE is the accumulation of fluid around the lungs. this condition that causing of the persistent cough and pinkish phlegm, shortness of breath. Once again, the only sensible option is to descend as fast as possible.

What Are the Symptoms of Acute Mountain Sickness?

The symptoms of altitude sickness generally appear within hours of moving to higher altitudes. They vary depending on the severity of your condition. If you have a mild case, you may experience:

  • dizziness
  • headache
  • muscle aches
  • insomnia
  • nausea and vomiting
  • irritability
  • loss of appetite
  • swelling of the hands, feet, and face
  • rapid heartbeat
  • shortness of breath with physical exertion

Severe cases of acute mountain sickness can cause more intense symptoms and affect your heart, lungs, muscles, and nervous system. For example, you may experience confusion as a result of brain swelling. You may also suffer from shortness of breath due to fluid in the lungs.

Symptoms of severe altitude sickness may include:

  • coughing
  • chest congestion
  • pale complexion and skin discoloration
  • inability to walk or lack of balance
  • social withdrawal

Seek medical attention as soon as possible. The condition is much easier to treat if you address it before it progresses.

How Can I Prevent Acute Mountain Sickness?Prevention There are some important preventive steps you can take to reduce your chances of acute mountain sickness. Get a physical to make sure you have no serious health issues. Review the symptoms of mountain sickness so you can recognize and treat them quickly if they occur. If traveling to extreme altitudes (higher than 10,000 feet, for example), ask your doctor about acetazolamide, a medication that can ease your body’s adjustment to high altitudes. Taking it the day before you climb and on the first day or two can lessen your symptoms.

When climbing to higher altitudes, prevent acute mountain sickness by doing the following:

Climb gradually, if possible. Instead of moving from 0 to 8,000 feet in one day, rest for a day after every 2,000 feet.

Return to lower altitudes to sleep to give your body a break.

Carry oxygen with you when climbing above 9,000 feet.

Drink plenty of fluids.

Avoid alcoholic beverages.

Eat frequent, high-carbohydrate meals.Avoid unnecessary physical exertion, particularly in the initial climb.                                                                              

You should also avoid climbing to high altitudes if you have certain medical conditions or restrictions. Having anemia causes a low red blood cell count, which reduces the amount of oxygen in your blood.

Ask your doctor about taking an iron supplement, and treat the issue before going to high altitudes.

If you have either heart or lung disease, the combination of high altitudes and low oxygen can be difficult to endure.

If you take medications like sleeping pills, narcotic pain relievers, or tranquilizers, check with your doctor before climbing to high altitudes. These medications can lower your breathing rate.

You should also avoid climbing to high altitudes if you felt ill in the past during previous climbs.


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Glacier Treks Adventure

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 West Sikkim

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